Ontario Fish Species

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Lake sturgeon
Longnose gar
Atlantic salmon
Chinook salmon
Coho Salmon
Brown trout
Rainbow trout
Brook trout
Aurora trout
Lake trout
Lake whitefish
Cisco or lake herring
White sucker
Channel catfish
Brown bullhead
Northern pike
Yellow perch
Smallmouth bass
Largemouth bass
White bass
Rock bass
Black crappie

Parts of a Fish




Ontario Trout Fishing

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Ontario Carp Fishing 



Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus THE body of the carp is robust and compressed, olive greenish on the back, fading to yellowish on the lower and under side; the lower
tins are reddish. Coloration is variable and is influenced by age, nutrition, season of the year, sexual condition, character of the water in which the fish lives and other conditions of the environment.

Normally, the body is uniformly covered with large scales except in the mirror carp which has several large, scattered, irregular silvery scales and areas of bare skin, and the leather carp which is almost or entirely scaleless. These variants are probably the result of centuries of domestication or semi-domestication, and may form only a small percentage of any normal population of carp.

Like all the members of the minnow and sucker families, the jaws are toothless, but the throat or pharynx is provided with teeth which are apparently used for breaking the food. The dorsal fin is long, containing 17 to 21 soft rays which are preceded by a stout, toothed spine. The anal fin contains live rays which are also preceded by a stout, toothed spine. This characteristic separates the carp from all other minnows, except the goldfish. The upper jaw of the carp has two barbels on each side; this separates it from the goldfish which lacks barbels.

The average angler may confuse carp with suckers, particularly with the redhorse sucker, until he observes that the suckers have no spines in their fins. It would seem
unlikely that anyone would confuse immature white bass or smallmouth and largemouth bass with immature carp because, in the white bass and


Carp are now distributed widely throughout eastern North America. In Ontario, they occur throughout the Great Lakes region from the upper St. Lawrence River to Lake Superior, and in numerous inland lakes.

carp Range 

Carp thrive in moderately warm, shallow water of lakes and rivers which contain an abundance of aquatic vegetation and deeper places to which they may retreat. Rivers of low gradient usually provide a suitable environment. They are able to adapt themselves to a variety of conditions and apparently do well in waters of strong mineral content.

They occur in brackish and semi-brackish water of the Atlantic coast. They are tolerant to all types of bottom and to clear or turbid water, except excessive turbidity. They are very hardy and survive in ponds that are drying up, long after other fish have perished. This is apparently because of their ability to use the oxygen of the air as long as the gills remain moist and also because they are able to swallow air and to extract some oxygen through the air bladder.

Movements: When feeding and at breeding time, they show a marked tendency to move about in schools.  At these times, they demonstrate a characteristic splashing. They appear to wander aimlessly into all accessible waters with no definite course of action. When undisturbed, they swim lazily among the weeds in shallow water. But, they have the ability for quick and powerful movements of the body. .


Ontario Fishing Magazine